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What skills does a web designer need?

Updated: Jun 10, 2023

Web designers are responsible for the look and feel of a website. It's a very broad job description that can cover many different aspects of design, including user interface (UI), user experience (UX), typography, color theory and more.

However, there are some specific skills that every web designer should have in order to be effective at their job. Without these skills, it's impossible to create an amazing website that engages users and looks great on any screen size or device type!

working on a web design project

Understanding Web Technologies

For a Web Designer, the most important skills to master are HTML and CSS. These two languages make up the foundation of any website. They're also used for styling emails, creating logos, and building mobile-friendly websites. If you don't know how to code these languages then you won't be able to create awesome websites.

The second skill that all web designers need is JavaScript (and jQuery). This language lets you create interactive elements on your site like buttons that change color when clicked or sliders that let users select colors and fonts by dragging them around the screen. It's also used in many frameworks such as AngularJS and ReactJS that help organize your code into reusable components so you can build faster websites with less time spent coding them from scratch every time something new comes up in development!

Frameworks are another important skill since they reduce development time while still allowing flexibility throughout design process - which means more money saved at end of day. Plus if something goes wrong later down road due to update/change requests etc., it should only take few minutes instead hours fixing everything manually again using CSS alone (not even factoring learning curve).


A web designer is responsible for creating websites, which are essentially static web pages. This means that the content of each page is not dynamic (i.e., it does not change).

The HTML language describes the content of a web page, while CSS defines how the page should look. HTML and CSS are used together to create a website.

JavaScript, jQuery and Frameworks

As a web designer, you will use JavaScript to make your pages interactive. It's a programming language that makes it possible to create interactive websites and add animations. JavaScript can also be used to add interactivity using HTML elements like buttons or form fields.

JavaScript is often paired with jQuery which is a JavaScript library that makes it easier for designers to use JavaScript in their HTML pages. Frameworks like Bootstrap also let you take advantage of pre-written code so that you don't have to write everything yourself.

Content Management Systems (CMS)

To manage the content on a website, you'll need to use a CMS. These systems allow users to create pages and posts, post content and edit the site's design. The most common CMSs are WordPress, Wix, Drupal and Joomla.

UI, UX and Wireframing

UI, UX and wireframe are three important concepts that you must know as a web designer.

UI stands for User Interface; it refers to the interface between the user and your website or application. The goal of UI design is to make your product simple, easy-to-use, and intuitive so that anyone can use it without any help or instructions.

UI elements include buttons, forms, menus and navigation options along with icons that represent actions like saving data or switching pages. In addition to these elements there’s also content such as text fields where users enter their data as well as headers and footers that contain information about sites/apps such as title & description meta descriptions etc…

Responsive Design

Responsive design is a technique for creating a web site or application that adapts its presentation to the device that is being used to view it. This allows the same content to be presented across multiple platforms and devices, from cell phones to desktop computer monitors.

A chief benefit of responsive design is accessibility: A responsive website will make sure people with disabilities can use your site effectively, as well as people using different browsers or devices (for example, someone using an iPhone 5S versus someone using an iPad Air). Additionally, it allows you to reach more users with less development time because you’re not building separate pages for each browser/device combination.

Typography and Color Theory

Typography and color theory are two skills that you need to master in order to be a successful web designer. The first thing you should know is that typography is the art of creating and selecting fonts for your designs. It also involves choosing font sizes, weights, styles (bold/italic), line spacing, etc.

These factors have an impact on how a website looks and feels to users — so knowing how to use them can be very powerful in this regard. In order for your design work to look professional and beautiful, it's important that you pay attention to each detail of text presentation on the webpage as well as within headlines, body content (paragraphs), tables & lists.

Color theory refers mainly towards understanding what colors go together best so that they create harmonious contrast between each other without being too dull or harsh on the eyesight of visitors who visit the site often over time period e.g., weeks/months etcetera...

Photoshop and Illustrator

Photoshop and Illustrator are two popular pieces of software for web designers.

  • Photoshop is used for creating and editing images, whereas Illustrator is used for creating vector graphics.

  • If you're more into photo editing, Photoshop might be the right tool for you. If you're more into vector graphics, Illustrator may be a better fit.

It's important to note that both programs tend to be expensive—but there are ways to get them at a discount if your budget doesn't allow otherwise!

Using Git and Command Line Tools

Git is a version control system. It's used to track changes in files, branches and merges.

Git can be used to deploy code to a remote server, or create a new branch (ie: git checkout -b wip-branch).


Here's what you need to know about the skills that a web designer needs to know:

  • A web designer knows how to design a website so that it looks good, works well and has all the features needed for its purpose.

  • A UX designer is someone who makes sure that a website or app is easy for people to use – but not necessarily how it looks.

You can become a web designer by studying IT at school or college, taking courses on HTML and CSS, and learning about usability testing. You could also do an apprenticeship with an employer in this field if you're interested in more practical experience.


So, to sum up, a web designer needs to be good at:


  • JavaScript, jQuery and frameworks

  • Content Management Systems (CMS)

  • UI, UX and wireframing

  • Responsive design

  • Typography and Color Theory

  • Photoshop and Illustrator

  • Git and Command Line Tools.

Subash Manimozhi


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